N.C.A.D. Diploma in Art & Design

Sculptural Processes - Wax




Traditionally various forms of beeswax were used to sculpt with.  Nowadays Microcrystalline wax is used a lot in sculpting, as is paraffin wax.  Various other waxes may also be bought such as carving, modeling, sticky, patch and pouring or casting wax.


We used microcrystalline wax in class and it is quite simple to use:




1.  You will need microcrystalline wax.


2.  Heat it in a saucepan.


3.  You now either (a) Use a bristle brush to paint the heated wax onto whatever it is that you wish to cover with the wax for your sculpture, or, (b) if you are using a mould then pour the heated wax into your mould.  


Experimentation is again key as you can use many different methods to create sculptural wax work.  For example, you could cover found materials in wax / carve out an actual piece from the wax by using a knife or carving tools / use a mould that you created using alginate or clay and poor the wax into the mould to set.



4.  A hot knife is also useful when working with wax as it helps to carve the shape that you wish to create.